SharePoint servers are depended upon to deliver business data in a secure, reliable fashion. There must be assurance that data integrity, confidentiality and availability are maintained. One of the required steps to attain this assurance is to ensure that the SharePoint servers are installed and maintained in a manner that prevents unauthorized access, unauthorized use, and disruptions in service.
The purpose of the [Organization] SharePoint Server Hardening Policy is to describe the requirements for installing a new SharePoint server (whether front-end web, job, index, or database) in a secure fashion and maintaining the security integrity of the existing SharePoint servers and application software, both standard as well as purchased components.
The [Organization] Server Hardening Policy applies to all individuals that are responsible for the installation of new SharePoint property, the operations of existing SharePoint property, and individuals charged with SharePoint security.
SharePoint Server Hardening Policy
A server must not be connected to the [Organization] network until it is in a [Organization] accredited secure state and the network connection is approved by [Organization].
The SharePoint Server Hardening Procedure provides the detailed information required to harden a SharePoint server and must be implemented for [Organization] accreditation. Some of the general steps included in the SharePoint Server Hardening Procedure include:Installing the Windows server operating system from an [Organization] approved source
Applying Microsoft SharePoint and other relevant supplied patches, service packs, and hotfixes.
Removing unnecessary software, system services, and drivers
Setting security parameters, file protections and enabling audit logging
Disabling or changing the password of default accounts
[Organization] will monitor security issues, both internal to [Organization] and externally, and will manage the release of security patches on behalf of [Organization].
[Organization] SharePoint administrators will test security patches against [Organization] core resources before release where practical.
[Organization] may make hardware resources available for testing security patches in the case of special SharePoint applications and update.
Security patches must be implemented within the specified timeframe of notification from [Organization].
SharePoint Server Hardening Policy Supporting Information
All SharePoint software programs, SharePoint applications, Web Part / Application source code, Web Part / Application object code, documentation and general operational data shall be guarded and protected as if it were [Organization] property.
The department which requests and authorizes a SharePoint application (the site / application owner) must take the appropriate steps to ensure the integrity and security of all SharePoint Web Parts and application logic, as well as data files created by, or acquired for, SharePoint applications. To ensure a proper segregation of duties, owner responsibilities cannot be delegated to the SharePoint server custodian.
The [Organization] SharePoint network is owned and controlled by [Organization]. Approval must be obtained from [Organization] before connecting a device that does not comply with published guidelines to the network. [Organization] reserves the right to remove any network device that does not comply with standards or is not considered to be adequately secure.
[Organization] server custodian departments must provide adequate access controls in order to monitor SharePoint systems to protect business data and associated programs from misuse in accordance with the needs defined by owner departments. All SharePoint access must be properly documented, authorized and controlled, following [Organization] standardized processes.
All [Organization] departments must carefully assess the risk of unauthorized alteration, unauthorized disclosure, or loss of the data within the [Organization] SharePoint environment for which they are responsible and ensure, through the use of monitoring mechanisms such that [Organization] is protected from damage, monetary or otherwise. SharePoint owners and server custodian departments must have appropriate backup and contingency plans for disaster recovery based on risk assessment and business requirements.
Violation of this policy may result in disciplinary action which may include termination for employees and temporaries; a termination of employment relations in the case of contractors or consultants; dismissal for interns and volunteers; or suspension or expulsion in the case of a student. Additionally, individuals are subject to loss of [Organization] SharePoint access privileges, civil, and criminal prosecution.
Compliance / Regulation Contributed to by this Policy
Copyright Act of 1976
Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977
Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986
Computer Security Act of 1987
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA)